The National Geographic Society is changing the world map.
The 130-year-old intelligence and education nonprofit celebrated World Oceans Day on Tuesday declare as waters Around Antarctica is now called the Southern Ocean – the fifth ocean of the planet.
“The South Ocean has long been recognized by scientists, but because there has never been an agreement internationally, we have never officially recognized it,” said Alex Tait, a geographer with the National Geographic Society.
“It’s a kind of geographical nervousness in a way,” Tahit said. “We’ve always labeled it, but we’ve marked it a little differently (than other oceans). This change is the last step, and we want to recognize it because it is envirolovebylifentally friendly. ”
National Geographic cartographers have listed four of the Earth’s oceans — the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, and Arctic Oceans — since society began making maps in 1915.
Historically, the vast waters surrounding the southernmost continent have been seen as an extension of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans.
But in recent years, scientists have traveled to Antarctica, taking into account the unique nature of its waters, mainly the unique currents known as the Antarctic circumpolar current, writes National Geographic magazine.
The current makes the water colder and less salty, which helps keep carbon on the ocean floor and affects the Earth’s climate.
“Everyone out there has a hard time explaining what amazes them about it, but they agree that the glaciers are bluer, the weather is colder, the mountains are scary and the landscape is more charming than anywhere you can go. “, he said. marine scientist Set Sykora-Bodie, National Geographic Explorer.