Two asylum policies? Cubans who arrived by boat turned back but those crossing the southwest border faced better odds


The Biden administration this week warned Cubans attempting to enter the US by boat would be deported or deported to a third country – while thousands of migrants arriving at the southern border would be allowed in. Used to be.

“Let me be clear. If you go to sea, you won’t come to the United States,” Department of Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Meyerkas said this week of Cuban and Haiti migrants arriving in the Florida Straits.

Mayorkas said, migrants fleeing Cuba, Haiti will not be allowed to enter America by sea

As political protests against the authoritarian communist regime rock the country, there are fears of exodus of migrants. Meyerkas said DHS had not yet seen a surge, but warned that those arriving would not come in – but could be deported to a third country.

“They are returned by intervening ships. If individuals establish a well-founded fear of persecution or torture, they are sent to third countries for disposal,” he said. “They will not enter the United States.”

While Meyerkas’s comments do not reflect a new policy by DHS, and such policies have been implemented by various administrations over the years, it stands in stark contrast to the Biden administration’s approach to the southern border.

There, the administration has ended the Trump-era Migrant Protection Protocol (MPP), which kept migrants in Mexico, and the Asylum Cooperative Agreement (ACA), which were agreements with Northern Triangle countries that allow migrants to live there instead of the US. Had to claim asylum.

Additionally, while it is expelling single adults through Title 42 public health protection, it is not expelling migrant families or unaccompanied children – and has focused on expediting the process by which families and children are processed and issued in the United States, often without court dates.

Arizona AG Bronovich urged to repeal reported Title 42 after limit number rise again

His comments drew criticism of double standards from the right, and accusations of cruelty from the left.

“Why doesn’t he say the same to illegal people crossing our southern border?” Texas Representative Lance Gooden tweeted.

NBC News Meanwhile, human rights activists described the decision as “shameful” and “disappointing”.

Among those criticisms was the distinction between those faced at the land border and those faced at sea.

Migrant arrests at the southern border rise again in June, above 1 million this fiscal year

Former acting DHS secretary Chad Wolf told LBL that the approaches to each issue were inconsistent, and noted that Cuban citizens entering through the southern border may be processed in the US and not deported to a third country. Will – which is totally what happens if they come by boat.

“So if you’re Cuban and you take it to Mexico and you cross the southern border illegally, they’re not returning you to a third country,” he said in an interview this week. “But if you’re Cuban and you try to escape by boat over the Florida Straits they are, according to the secretary, so it’s very inconsistent.”

He argued that the policy the administration was following with maritime contradictions, namely sending migrants to third countries, was similar to a Trump-era policy on the border, which the Biden administration quickly resolved.

“If they want to resettle people who are claiming asylum in a third country, that’s exactly what the Trump administration was doing for the Southwest border, so we had the ACA, so we had the MPP — that’s the whole strategy. is,” he said.

“It should also be policy, no matter how you come into the country, it should be policy wherever we are, and that was the type of policy we were working on and happening in the Trump administration. It will not be this haste and this crisis that you are seeing today,” he said.

A DHS spokesman told LBL that there had been no change in policy, and that the policy had long been to return sea interventionists to the country of their nationality or to a third country for resettlement.

“Persons found on US soil are processed under the laws governing such processing. Third country resettlement is an option for those who are interred at sea,” the spokesperson said.

There is also the question of the human rights record of particular countries. The Communist regime in Cuba is known for its brutality against those who oppose it. Wolf said its record is one of the worst in the hemisphere, and so one might expect that citizens there would be given priority for asylum requests.

“This administration talks a lot about the need to protect refugees and persecuted individuals, and I think of all the countries that we visit, at least in this hemisphere, except maybe Venezuela, Cuba is probably the most repressive government we have ever had.” he said. “So the question is why are they not allowing Cubans to resettle in the US like they are Guatemalans when asylum claims from Cuba are more likely.”

The debate comes amid mounting pressure on the White House over the Cuban issue, as well as questions about the handling of the southern border.

On Friday, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) announced that more than 188,000 migrants were encountered at the border, including more than 55,000 family units. Of those family units, just over 8,000 were turned away through Title 42, statistics show.

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