It takes place just over a week later The Jewish New Year, The feast is commemorated with a day of fasting.
The purpose of fasting is to encourage the Jewish people to reflect on their past year, repent for any wrongdoing, and wish them a happy and healthy year.
Here’s everything you need to know Yom Kippur:
When is it
This year, Yom Kippur begins on the evening of Wednesday 15 September and ends on Thursday evening, 16 September.
The fast, which lasts approximately 25 hours, begins at 7.01pm and ends at 8pm the next day.
In the Jewish lunisolar calendar, Yom Kippur Tishre begins on the ninth day of the month and ends on the tenth day.
According to the Jewish calendar, Tisray is the first month of the civic year and the seventh month of the church year.
It occurs at the end of “10 days of repentance,” which begins with the celebration of the Jewish New Year, Rosh Hashanah.
What is its significance?
In Hebrew, “yom” means “day” and “kippur” means “penance”, which is why the ritual is called “penance day”.
The day of repentance is marked by the annual fast, which begins and ends with the feast.
“Fasting is an opportunity for each of us to celebrate Yom Kippur in a very personal way,” the Jewish Education site states My Jewish learning.
“Fasting in Yom Kippur is the key to our inner awareness.”
According to this The Jewish FaithIn Rosh Hashanah, Hashem (God) writes each person’s name in special books, “righteous” is written in the book of life, and “evil” is written in the book of death.
It is believed that names are written in books on a temporary basis, with God giving his final judgment about Yom Kippur.
“In reality, most of us are not completely good or bad. We are like 50/50, so we still have a few days to tip the Yom Kippur scales,” says the rabbi of the Jewish organization Ish.
How is it commemorated?
In Yom Kippur, Jewish people go to the synagogue to hear and participate in prayer services.
The beginning of Yom Kippur is marked by the chanting of the Kool Sleep prayer service, which takes place at sunrise on the eve of the festival.
“Ironically, this is not really a prayer, but a statement Chabad States.
On a typical day in the synagogue, three prayer services are held.
However, on Atonement Day, an additional two prayer services will be read.
During services, special passages are recited from the Torah and “Vidui” – confessions – are recited.
A special memorial prayer called “Yizkor“It is also recited in the synagogue in Yom Kippur.
Prayer will be celebrated in memory of relatives and friends who have died.
When the Jewish people go to the synagogue on the day of the celebration, it is customary to wear white as a symbol of penance and purity.
Devotees may refrain from participating in activities such as using electricity, driving, washing or wearing skin.
The end of the fast is marked by the blowing of Shafar, an ancient musical instrument usually made of ram’s horn.
Rosh Hashanah and the Jewish New Year’s Eve will blow the shofar every morning of the month of Elul.